Chisinau, May 13, 2016 – Demographic Research Centre of the National Institute of Economic Research ASM organized the round table dedicated to the International Day of the Family. The event presented the results of sociological research: ”Providing alimony to children with divorced parents ”, showing that the number of cases involving determination of child alimony represents 75% of all cases of dissolution of marriage involving minors, and less than a quarter of cases, debtors pay alimony regularly.
Having the results of the analysis, Inga Chistruga - Sinchevici, PhD. In Sociology found that Moldovan law compels parents to be responsible for physical, intellectual and spiritual development of children, and they are compelled to support their minor children and adult children unable to work, that need support. Current reality gives us a multitude of situations of children lapse after parent’s divorce, which in addition experienced emotional deficiencies and face to lack of financial resources sufficient for a decent living.
Survey data are in agreement with information obtained from the judicial executors in the country. Thus, the total of 22709 cases on alimony data for execution, only 26,4% of debtors pay alimony, are irregular payments in 35,9% and 37,7% do not pay it.
Causes of non-payment of alimony for children: 28,4% are unable to pay; 23,2% not pay due to formation of a new family: 29% have no desire to pay and in 16,1% from cases parent whose child remained in custody has not requested alimony.
Most measures penalizing debtors who do not honour their obligation to pay alimony are appreciated as ineffective.
Mrs. President Elena Damaschin, the Centre for Promotion of Mediation "PROMEDIERE" stressed the importance of mediation services in resolving family conflicts, especially in the pre- divorce stage. It noted the existence of difficulties in the operation of mediation services: lack of funding, the low degree of informing population.
Mr. President Roman Talmaci, National Union of Judicial Executors said that from year to year increase the number of cases put into execution to pay alimony, low efficiency of existing mechanisms for the enforcement of alimony, the need to take measures for enforcement, guaranteed by state. Therewith, it was stressed that by conciliation meetings of ex-spouses in front of judicial executor, about 40% they find solutions to the problem of paying alimony.
Mr. Igor Chisca, senior consultant at the Ministry of Labour, Social Protection and Family warned that in the decentralization, an important role gets local public administration.
Based on the results of the study, it was proposed a set of recommendations: legislative measures to encourage voluntary payment of debtors (tax cuts and other benefits); review ways of determining alimony, depending on the socioeconomic situation of debtors (employment); creating support programs for parents who are not supported by ex- spouses in the process of raising and educating children; reviewing ways of penalizing debtors who do not honour their obligation to contribute to the maintenance of children (deprivation of permit, license activity, etc.); actions in employment in the labour market of debtors.